Photo: Court
Dade County Courthouse

The Miami-Dade County Grand Jury serves a very special function in Florida’s criminal courts.  The only charge a State Attorney cannot file based on his or her constitutional authority is first degree murder.  All first degree murder cases must be presented to a grand jury.  In this section you will read an overview of the Miami-Dade County Grand Jury and how it functions to administer justice in Florida’s 11th Judicial Circuit. 

The Miami-Dade County Grand Jury is an investigating, reporting, and accusing agency of the circuit court. It consists of 21 citizens who have been summoned and empaneled by a judge of the circuit court. The Grand Jury is an agency and an arm of the circuit court and is uniquely independent.

The Miami-Dade County Grand Jury is answerable to no person or agency of government except the court that empanels it and, even then, only to the extent that it may exceed its authority and privileges.

Miami-Dade County
Grand Jury Overview

  1. Structure: The Miami-Dade County Grand Jury consists of 21 persons.
  2. Kinds of Juries: There are two kinds of juries in Miami-Dade County:
    a) The Grand Jury does not try cases on the issue of guilt or innocence. Its function is to hear witnesses and evidence to determine whether the State Attorney’s Office should charge an individual with a capital offense.
    b) The Petit Jury actually tries a case and renders a verdict of guilty or not guilty after hearing both sides
  3. Terms: The Miami-Dade County Grand Jurors are appointed for a six-month term.
  4. Secrecy and Disclosure: The Miami-Dade County Grand Jury proceeds in secret. The pledge of secrecy is paramount and permanent.

Contact Information

Location

Miami-Dade County Grand Jury
Dade County Courthouse
73 West Flagler Street
Miami, FL 33130
Phone: (305) 349-7558
GrandJury@MiamiSAO.com

Staff Contact

Rose A. Dare
Administrative Assistant
Miami-Dade County Grand Jury
RoseAnneDare@MiamiSAO.com

Advocating Smart Justice for All